Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences




The incidence of sarcopenia, a geriatric syndrome characterized by the progressive and generalized loss of muscle quantity or quality, increases with age and is associated with adverse health and quality of life outcomes. A 12-week strength training intervention program (STIP) was designed to improve measures of muscle mass, muscle strength, physical performance, and quality of life in elderly patients with sarcopenia. Data were collected on these measures at 4-week intervals over 12 weeks. Results showed that the STIP was an effective intervention for reducing the characteristics associated with sarcopenia. Significant gains were made in muscle mass, grip strength, balance, gait speed, chair stand, and quality of life over the 12-week period. Reduction in the incidence of sarcopenia among long-term care residents in skilled nursing facilities may contribute to reduced adverse effects of the disease process, such as falls, morbidity, and mortality, and may help residents achieve an overall higher quality of life.