Date of Conferral



Doctor of Information Technology (D.I.T.)


Information Systems and Technology


Jon W. Mckeeby


Some cybersecurity leaders have not enforced cybersecurity policies in their organizations. The lack of employee cybersecurity policy compliance is a significant threat in organizations because it leads to security risks and breaches. Grounded in the theory of planned behavior, the purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore the strategies cybersecurity leaders utilize to enforce cybersecurity policies. The participants were cybersecurity leaders from 3 large organizations in southwest and northcentral Nigeria responsible for enforcing cybersecurity policies. The data collection included semi-structured interviews of participating cybersecurity leaders (n = 12) and analysis of cybersecurity policy documents (n = 20). Thematic analysis identified 4 primary themes: security awareness and training, communication, management support, and technology control. A key recommendation is that organizations should have a chief information security officer for oversight of cybersecurity. Employee cybersecurity compliance should be reviewed regularly throughout the year for improvement and desired cybersecurity behavior. The implications for positive social change include the potential for cybersecurity leaders to implement cybersecurity measures that could enhance the public’s confidence by assuring them of their data’s safety and confidentiality, the integrity of data, and the availability of their services.