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Public Policy and Administration


Ian Cole


The National Guard has a highly specialized and operable intelligence force that can be useful to the communities it serves, and how that intelligence can be best used has been the focus of scholars in recent years. Researchers have demonstrated, however, that such integration of intelligence is a daunting task due to many barriers and misconceptions. Researchers have as yet been unable to establish how this might best be accomplished and those barriers diminished. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to define the National Guard’s potential roles and examine their possible integration into the domestic Intelligence Community. Theories used were the advocacy coalition framework and appreciative inquiry. The data were collected through the interviews of 12 National Guard intelligence professionals located in New York state; the data were analyzed with summative content developed in the literature review. The results indicated that intelligence policy and civil-military relationships must be reformed and strengthened in order to integrate National Guard and civilian intelligence. Implications for positive social change are that if such relationships are improved and intelligence capabilities are optimized, then both the National Guard and the communities it serves can benefit from the greater availability of critical information that can be used to deal with emergencies such as natural disasters, pandemic outbreaks, domestic terrorism and any other contingencies of the utmost importance to the public.

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