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Public Health


Jirina Foltysova


Domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence (IPV), is prevalent globally and causes severe physical, psychological, and social harm to victims. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to highlight the predictors of physical and sexual IPV among men in Kenya and examine the influence of media in seeking help. These factors were explored through the lens of the socio-ecological model and the social learning theory. The 2014 Demographic Health Survey archival data obtained through in-depth interviews were used to answer the research questions. Dependent variables were physical abuse, sexual abuse, and seeking help while independent variables were socioeconomic factors, revenge, and media exposure. Logistic regression and the chi- square test were used to examine the associations between dependent and independent variables. There was a statistically significant relationship between age (p < .001), education level (p < 0.001), alcohol use (p < 0.001), early exposure to violence (p = 0.011), and physical IPV. There was also statistically significant relationship between age (p < .001), education (p < 0.001), alcohol use (p < 0.011), and sexual IPV. The study also found a statistically significant relationship between media exposure and reporting IPV (p = 0.013). The results may be used in designing and implementing interventions aimed at enhancing men’s health and economic well-being, providing necessary resources to victims, and addressing social stigma in Kenya. Positive social change of this study is to raise awareness of male victimization in Kenya, encourage victims to seek help, and promote channeling of resources to the victims of abuse individually and nationally.

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