Title

Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission, Literacy, Ethnicity, Education, and Wealth in Kenya

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2016

Originally Published In

International Journal of Childbirth Education

Volume Number

31

Issue Number

2

Page Numbers

8-17

Abstract

This study examined the relationship of literacy, ethnicity, education, and wealth to the receipt of care for mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) in Kenya. The researchers analyzed secondary cross-sectional data from the 2008-2009 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys (KDHS). The sample consisted of 167 postpartum Kenyan women ages 15 to 49 with an HIV/AIDS diagnosis. Literacy, ethnicity, education, and wealth were all contributing factors in the receipt of care for MTCT in Kenya. Additionally, low levels of education, knowledge, and literacy were related to less HIV/AIDS prevention efforts especially among persons living in low-income and/or poor communities.

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