The Polarities of Democracy model was developed Dr. Bill Benet as a theoretical framework to help build healthy, sustainable, and just communities. The model is based on a critical theory perspective of pursuing positive social change by overcoming the forces of institutional oppression and violence (environmental, economic, and militaristic) that threaten the survival of the human species. Further resources can be found at


Submissions from 2018


Decentralization of Local Government and Rural Development in Rivers State, Nigeria, Eddy B. Kaka

Submissions from 2017


Institute for Polarities of Democracy, William J. Benet


An ANOVA Analysis of Education Inequities Using Participation and Representation in Education Systems, Bruce Jerome Carter


Perceptions of Homeless Shelter Staff Workers on Chronic Homeless Individuals, Jimmy L. Griffith

Submissions from 2016


Consequences of the Niger Delta Amnesty Program Implementation on Nigeria's Upstream Petroleum Industry, Chisomaga Ihediohanma Ezeocha

Submissions from 2015


Racism vs. Social Capital: A Case Study of Two Majority Black Communities, Bruce W. Strouble

Submissions from 2014


Urhobo Culture and the Amnesty Program in Niger Delta, Nigeria: An Ethnographic Case Study, John Oghenero Tobor

Submissions from 2013


Managing The Polarities of Democracy: A Theoretical Framework for Positive Social Change, William J. Benet

Submissions from 2012


The Polarities of Democracy: A Theoretical Framework for Building a Healthy, Sustainable, and Just World. Chapter Seven, William J. Benet