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Nearly 100,000 people suffer injury or death each year due to errors in the United States healthcare system. Researchers have identified that empowerment by physicians can address this significant social issue. Despite this knowledge, qualifications to empowering behaviors in physicians have not been identified. A quantitative nonexperimental correlation approach was used to determine the role that personality type and high-quality leader-member exchange may play in the physician’s ability to create empowerment at academic medical centers in the United States. The theoretical framework of empowering leadership, Jung’s psychological types, and leader-member exchange quality informed the research design and contributed to the understanding of the findings. Data collection included the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator responses from 20 physicians at academic medical centers in the United States. In addition, 93 followers completed the empowering leadership and the leader-member exchange quality surveys. Analysis of covariance and partial correlation analysis using Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used to answer the study questions. The results of the study demonstrate that no statistically significant relationship exists between empowering behavior and personality type or between leader-member exchange quality and personality type. A statistically significant relationship exists between empowering behavior and leader-member exchange quality. The social change implications include an opportunity to enhance physicians’ skills as leaders of interprofessional teams. Those enhanced skills may contribute to improved healthcare outcomes, decreased societal morbidity, and increased life expectancy, thereby contributing positively to social change.
Reed, Tony S., "Empowerment, Personality, and Leader-Member Exchange Quality in Physicians" (2021). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 9885.