Date of Conferral



Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)




Edna Hull


Medication adherence in children is essential in ensuring that treatment approaches are successful and lead to positive health outcomes for the patient. However, with the young child largely dependent on the abilities and drive of parents and caregivers, adherence to the treatment regimen for children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. A systematic literature review using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) model was used to locate, analyze, and synthesize sources to identify current evidence-based strategies used by health care providers for enhancing parental compliance in managing the child with ADHD. Reported in themes, evidence-based strategies for enhancing parental compliance include family engagement, behavioral intervention strategies, pharmacological interventions, and specific healthcare provider strategies. This project will impact positive social change by providing evidence-based guidelines on best practices to help parents whose children are diagnosed with ADHD adhere to their medication and treatment regimen. Parental medication compliance also has the potential for improving ADHD symptoms such as impulsiveness, overactivity, and inattention and as such improve the child’s performance in school. Additionally, improved treatment compliance has the potential for reducing the number of hospital readmissions and visits to the emergency department. Last, if children with ADHD are managed effectively, they will grow to become productive members of society.

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