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Counselor Education and Supervision


Adrian Warren


Policymakers focused on school and mental health proposals in the wake of shooting in Newton, Connecticut. Since this incident a policy is being considered to restrict gun use and increase mental health and student support services. In 2012, the Department of Education explored five emerging issues that impact learning: (a) school discipline, (b) gender-based violence, (c) behavioral health, (d) bullying, and (e) school safety. These five issues, when they impact the learning environment, the school counselor may exhibit increased anxiety that may lead to burnout. Additionally, the school climate may be impacted by the relationship with administrators and staff. If there is a decrease in the quality of the school climate, it may impact the school counselors self-efficacy and increase burnout. Therefore, the purpose of this quantitative study was to identify how the decreasing quality of school climate and the heightened stressors can lead to burnout among counselors and burnout leads to decreased self-efficacy. Using a correlational design, the Counselor Burnout Inventory was used to measure burnout and school climate and the School Counselor Efficacy scale was used to measure self-efficacy. Both surveys was administered to 62 school counselors in elementary, middle, and high school. The data were analyzed using a multiple linear regression and analysis of variance.The findings indicated that (a) there is a relationship between self-efficacy, school climate and burnout and that (b) there was no difference between school levels for self-efficacy or burnout. One recommendation for future research is to interview administrators to establish their perceptions about school counselor burnout. Social change implications include creating healthier school counselors who can do a better job developing positive school climates which will also impact their clients.

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