Date of Conferral







Anthony Lolas


African American unemployment has hovered at double the rate of Whites and that has not changed. The problem that was the focus of this study is the inability of organizations to retain African American employees post-hiring facilitation. Therefore, the purpose of this nonexperimental, correlational study was to examine the relationships between organizational socialization (OS) and the factors of fit to determine if they impacted the retention of African American employees in the workplace. In following the theoretical foundation of Schein’s OS theory, the research questions for this quantitative study involved an examination of the relationships between OS, the factors of fit, and the retention of newly hired African American employees. The target population was nonmanagement African Americans newly employed in the last 6 to 18 months. Data were collected through surveys by researchers Chao et al.’s Socialization Content Scale, Cable and DeRue’s Perceived Fit Scale, and Powell and Meyer’s Organizational Commitment Scales and analyzed with Spearman’s rho. Key findings indicated a positive correlation between factor of fit, person-organization, and the retention of newly hired African Americans employees. The specific statistical findings indicated that the correlation between person-organization fit and retention with p = .041, was significant. The correlation between retention and the dependent variables of OS, needs-supplies fit, and demand-abilities fit was not significant. The findings from this study may contribute to social change by providing leaders with better new hire orientations for training, development, and mentorship programs to reduce the turnover and increase retention of African American employees.

Included in

Business Commons