Date of Conferral





Health Services


Magdeline Aagard


Leadership traits that affect and shape cost-effective practices ensure the long-term

growth and success for any organization. The purpose of this single case study was to explore leadership traits that may contribute to cost-effective approaches in a malaria surveillance program in the Philippines. The National Health Service Leadership Framework provided the conceptual framework for this study. The participants included 12 public health leaders/managers who have worked or been involved in malaria surveillance programs with budgetary oversight. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and document analysis. Values coding was used for data analysis, in which participants’ perspectives were coded using the 3 constructs of values, attitudes, and beliefs. The results revealed accountability, commitment, and passion as attitudes, and personal integrity and inclusiveness as values. These attitudes and values directly influenced and contributed to the malaria surveillance program's cost-effective approaches. The influences on cost-effective strategies were evident through increased employees’ work efficiency, enhanced relationship between leaders and followers, and improved organizational performances.

The results of this study could benefit public health leaders in managing programs in infectious disease surveillance more cost-effectively and could be used as a learning tool and guide for leadership training and development and to inform policymakers to improve public health funding.