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Public Policy and Administration


Raj Singh


There is a current gap in the literature regarding uniform and consistent standards and policies for addressing criminal hacking at the international level. The purpose of this quantitative dissertation was to explore the relationship between individuals in the public and private sectors and their attitudes toward the need for international law defining criminal hacking and the penalties associated with the act. Since the advent of information and communication technologies, there has been a need to address security holistically. The security and sustainability of evolving technologies are examined in light of the threat landscape of criminal hacking, privacy concerns, and policies and laws. Role theory in connection with empathy served as the theoretical base for the research. Data were collected through an anonymous survey of 228 respondents from cybersecurity related organizations from public and private employment sectors. The data analyses resulted in no significance among the groups of employment sectors and the independent and dependent variables, although there were statistically significant results between age groups, gender, infrastructure affiliation, and hacking ability among the questions of the study. Proactively addressing and securing global societies from criminal hacking is paramount in helping to alleviate escalating economic and personal losses among organizations and individuals worldwide. The research insights can be used for positive social change in drafting and implementing cyber policies and laws for criminal hacking among local, state, national, and international bodies.