Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Information technology (IT) has been rapidly integrated into the healthcare industry, including nursing, and has the ability to reduce errors, cut cost, and enhance patient care. However, approximately 45% of the current nurse workforce lacks adequate training in computer skills, which may hinder the adoption of health-related IT in the workplace. Characteristics of Rogers's diffusion of innovation (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, and observability) guided this project. This project was conducted to address the problem of IT adoption on a local level and was designed to assess whether simulation training on a generic electronic health record (EHR) system would improve the knowledge, skill, and attitude of nurses with little or no experience with EHR. A convenience sample of nurses (n = 13) unfamiliar with EHR was obtained by posting flyers in long-term care or home health agencies. The nurses completed the P.A.T.C.H. assessment scale v. 3 (2011) before and after participating in the one-time simulation training on EHR. Scores on the P.A.T.C.H. were calculated according to the established scoring system and revealed a positive increase nurses' attitude and self-efficacy toward the EHR system. Posttest scores yielded an increase ranging from 0.5 to 5 points from pretest scores, with an average pretest score of 54.23 on a scale of 0-100. The results of this project are consistent with the literature and current research and illustrate the importance of addressing the need for interactive training. This project contributes to social change in practice by enhancing the awareness of EHR in nurses who are new users of IT and promoting the adoption of technology in healthcare.