Date of Conferral







Roger F. Wells


Experiencing a significant career transition can directly impact military veterans.

Literature exists on military transition and reintegration but is focused on topics ranging from combat-related disabilities and mental health issues to higher learning. There is a lack of knowledge regarding female Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) veterans’ transition and reintegration experiences. The purpose of this qualitative study, using a phenomenological design with purposeful sampling, was to explore the lived experiences of female NCO veterans’ process of transition and private-sector reintegration. The research question evaluated participants’ perceptions, leveraging them to increase awareness and improve programs for the U.S. veteran population. Semi structured interviews were used with a sample of 16 female NCO veterans using audio recording and verbatim transcription of the interviews. The concepts of transition and reintegration formed the basis for the conceptual framework. Through a conceptual lens, Schlossberg’s 4S and Nicholson’s work-role transition models aided in revealing 17 emergent themes. The findings of this explorative study confirmed that transition and reintegration challenges linked (a) ineffective transition and reintegration programs, (b) consistent inability to translate military management skills and experience to private-sector employment, and (c) lack of gender-specific resources. Government officials, policymakers, and employers can use the findings to improve programs and policies directly impacting management models. Moreover, the findings may help to advance positive social change by influencing perspectives and improving resources, thus contribute to enhanced career transition and private-sector reintegration for U.S. veterans.