Date of Conferral
Diabetes mellitus outcomes are intensified by the lack of screening and awareness for depressive symptoms, alcohol consumption, cigarette use, and gender difference. The purpose of this quantitative survey study, grounded in biopsychosocial theory, was to investigate the best predictor (alcohol consumption, cigarette use, and the exploratory variable gender) of diabetes outcome in a Mexican American population. Data were collected using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 with 120 Mexican American patients from a diabetic clinic in Southern Texas. Results from a multiple regression analysis indicated that gender was the best predictor. A series of Pearson correlations revealed a significant positive relationship between depression severity and diabetes outcome. Cigarette and alcohol use showed a significant medium positive relationship with diabetic outcome. Results may be used to strengthen prevention, treatment, and interventions to improve diabetes outcomes in Mexican American adults.
Chapa, Yvonne Marie, "Effects of Depression and Health Habits on Diabetes Outcomes" (2020). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 8601.