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Public Policy and Administration


Ian B. Cole


The growing threat of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and other terrorist organizations increases the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) chance of encountering an insider threat, which creates the need for the DoD to develop programs to address this concern and mitigate the risk to national security. The purpose of this quantitative, nonexperimental study was to understand the effectiveness of security education, training, and awareness programs designed to mitigate insider threats within the DoD. Research questions were focused on this purpose as well as understanding why there is an increase in insider threats within the DoD. The theoretical frameworks were based on Vincent and Elinor Ostrom’s institutional analysis development and Ott & Jang’s theory of organizational culture and change organizational behaviors. A total of 42 DoD participants responded to a 10-question Likert-scale survey on Survey Monkey. Based on the results, the DoD needs to retain both security education, training, and awareness computer-based training and instructor-based training programs to ensure insider threats are mitigated and to prevent known acts of espionage, unauthorized disclosure, or loss of organizational resources. Implications for positive social change of these results include assisting the DoD with maintaining and developing programs to protect the warfighters and nation from terrorist threats and attacks.

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