Date of Conferral
African American men have more prostate cancer and are more than twice as likely to die of the disease as Caucasian men, and the reasons for this racial disparity have not been clarified. Identifying lifestyle and dietary risk factors of prostate cancer is an important public health issue. Studies on the association between meat intake and prostate cancer risk have produced inconsistent results. The purpose of this cross-sectional quantitative study was to determine whether there is an association between total meat intake and total prostate cancer risk among African American men when controlling for age, income, educational level, physical activity, overweight status and smoking. The theoretical foundation for this study was the health belief model and the theory of planned behavior, which were used to identify the risk factors for prostate cancer for African American men. The analysis was done on 1152 participants from the 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data using binary logistic regression. The findings from this study indicated no statistically significant association between total meat intake and total prostate cancer risk among African American men with and without the covariates in the model. This study contributes to positive social change by increasing the understanding of the association between total meat intake and prostate cancer risk among African American men by providing more information to African American men, healthcare providers, and the clinical community in an effort to reduce the incidence and mortality from prostate cancer, as well as healthcare costs.