Date of Conferral





Counselor Education and Supervision


Theodore P. Remley


Mental health clinicians employed in a public mental health setting are at an increased risk of experiencing burnout, which contributes to undesirable consequences. Examining burnout using the job demands-resources (JDR) theory allows for the examination of job demands and job resources as both separate independent variables or interactively, which provides for a model with the ability to better predict organizational outcomes. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional, predictive survey study was to use the JDR perspective to examine the extent of the relationship, if any, between job demands, job resources, job satisfaction, and burnout of mental health clinicians working in public mental health settings in rural-frontier states. The sample size for this study was N = 78 and included Master’s level or higher mental health clinicians (both licensed and non-licensed) including counselors, social workers, addictions counselors, a psychologist, a psychiatrist, and a psychiatric nurse practitioner from the rural frontier states of Alaska, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota. Both the correlational analysis and multiple linear regression provided significant results. Participants who had lower job demands, more job resources, and higher job satisfaction had less burnout. The results of this study can contribute to positive social change by helping researchers gain a better understanding of various proposed models of burnout. This understanding can help in the development of more robust job resources and interventions for combating the burnout that continues to plague the public mental health system and improve the overall quality of care for the marginalized population receiving services from this setting.