Date of Conferral
Anthony J. Lolas
In this study, the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities and organizational performance (OP) of international oil companies (IOCs) operating within the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria was investigated. Grounded on the stakeholder theory, the problem being investigated involved the extent to which dimensions of CSR in terms of centrality, visibility, and voluntary contributions impact measures of OP (relational capital and employees’ commitment) specifically within the oil industry in Nigeria. Data for the study were obtained through a quantitative survey instrument from a sample of a population of individuals (N=270) living in host communities who are impacted by IOC activities in Rivers, Delta, and Bayelsa States. The results of the multiple regression analysis indicated a predictive model F (1, 268) = 774, p < 0.05, and R2 = .742, which indicated that CSR was positively and significantly correlated with OP. In addition, centrality and voluntary contributions significantly affected OP. Also, centrality and voluntary contributions significantly correlated with employees’ commitment while only voluntary contributions significantly correlated with relational capital. The results of the study corroborated the need for CSR practitioners in the oil industry within the Niger Delta to operate in a socially responsible manner. The implications for positive social change include the potential for policy makers to use the findings to create mutually beneficial relationships that could contribute to resolving persistent adverse issues involving oil exploration and production in the Niger Delta Region by improving the socioeconomic dynamics of the host population, not only in the region, but also throughout Nigeria and similar countries.