Type 2 Diabetes in Offspring of Diabetic African American Women

Toby Valentino Yak, Walden University

Abstract

The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is greater among African American women and their offspring than it is among Caucasian women and their offspring. In Iowa, there has been a gap in public health knowledge regarding risk factors associated with Type 2 diabetes in African American women and their offspring. The behavioral change wheel model was used to guide this study. This research study was a quantitative, retrospective cohort using primary data to investigate the association between a sample of diabetic African American and the occurrence of diabetes in their offspring. The sample included 105 diabetic African American women between the ages of 18–45 years from the state of Iowa. Binary logistic regressions were used to analyze all variables, and multiple logistic regression models were performed to predict the most parsimonious model, taking all covariates into account. The results showed a significant association between being overweight at the time of delivery and the occurrence of diabetes in the offspring, (rs [104] = .31, p < .001). However, there were no significant associations between mother's age at delivery, consuming fruits and vegetable, regular physical activities at the time of the pregnancy, and the occurrence of Type 2 diabetes in the offspring. The findings of this research study could contribute to positive social change by providing relevant information to public health practitioners, the African American community, and communities throughout Iowa to fight against Type 2 diabetes.