Education Program for Critical Care Nurses on Preventing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the most frequently reported hospital-acquired condition, affecting more than 560,000 patients each year. CAUTIs prolong hospital stays and increase health care costs, and they can result in patient morbidity and mortality. Nurses can be empowered by receiving education and knowledge to manage and identify urinary catheters that are not clinically indicated. The purpose of this project was to develop an education program on CAUTI prevention for critical care nurses using the teach-back method. The conceptual framework that guided this project was Knowles's adult learning theory. The theoretical model was based on 4 fundamental assumptions of self-concept development. A total of 32 critical care unit nurses participated in the evaluation of the teach-back method. Demographic data were collected from these 32 participants, and the results of a frequency analysis were obtained. Deidentified CAUTI data were provided by the organization prior to the educational intervention. The postintervention CAUTI rate and increase in nurses' knowledge level were evaluated 1 month after the educational intervention using a 1-sample t test. The finding was statistically significant (p < .001). The incidence of CAUTI was followed, and the outcomes indicated that the overall incidence of CAUTI in these patients was decreased. The education program was effective in improving critical care unit nurses' knowledge of evidence-based practices to prevent CAUTIs. Improving nurses' knowledge to decrease CAUTI rates is a strategy that may be effective in many healthcare settings. This educational intervention may create social change by improving the health of patients and serving as an educational resource for nurses.