Clinical Resource Practice Scenarios to Mitigate Bullying
Workplace bullying is repeated, aggressive action towards a victim, which especially affects new graduate nurses and can inhibit growth and lead to nursing burnout and staff turnover. The purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice project was to develop a clinical resource educational module. The case scenarios were developed using literature on workplace bullying and lateral violence. Clegg's circuits of power theory was applied to frame the organizational authoritative nursing power struggles that exist as a circular flow between different nursing group members, and the American Nurses Association (ANA) Practice Standards and Code of Ethics guided the assertive communication. The case scenarios consisted of 3 vignettes, terms and definitions, a summary of the ANA practice and code of ethical standards, the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument, Workplace Bullying Inventory, Organizational Predictors and Consequences of Bullying Scale, flip cards, and content readability evaluation forms. The AGREE II instrument is a 7-point Likert scale for evaluating clinical guidelines with a threshold standard of 70%. The results of advisory committee members' rigor scores (mean = 50.8, median = 31, SD = 3.03) were compared with the scores of nurse evaluators (mean = 50, median = 31, SD = 4). The AGREE II reliability score is 0.93, with similar results found for the advisory members (0.939) and the nurse evaluators (0.941). The overall findings suggest that the AGREE II is a viable instrument for evaluating case scenarios, which can be used to improve the workplace environment for nurses by addressing workplace bullying.