Date of Conferral
Dr. Sriya Krishnamoorthy
Maternal mortality is a critical area of concern globally, despite the availability of accessible preventive measures. The role of sociodemographic and service delivery factors in maternal mortality in the Accra Metropolitan Area of Ghana are important to examine. As part of the United Nations (UN) Millennium Campaign, the UN implemented 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); maternal mortality reduction by 75% between 1990 and 2015 was among the fundamental MDGs to be achieved by 2015. The purpose of this case-control study was to use secondary data to assess the relationships between sociodemographic variables, service delivery factors, and maternal mortality among 8,171 women of reproductive age (15-45 years) living in the Greater Accra metropolitan area in Ghana. The health belief model and social cognitive theory provided the theoretical framework to interpret the study findings. Particularly, income (p = .023), primary (p = .035) and secondary (p = .002) education, and health insurance (p = .008) were significantly associated with maternal-related mortality. However, for survival outcome, health insurance (p = .003), prenatal care (p = .001), and presence of a skilled attendant at delivery (p = .020) were significant factors. These study results provide support for the significant effects of sociodemographic and service delivery factors on maternal mortality and survivorship in the Greater Accra metropolitan area in Ghana. The results of this study could enhance educational and outreach programs designed to lower maternal mortality rate. Further research needs to be done to advance knowledge and practice in health delivery services and public health education with respect to the importance of sociodemographic and service delivery characteristics.