Date of Conferral







Janice Long


Acts of incivility in nursing education and practice settings are a growing concern. Previous research has indicated that uncivil behaviors, especially among nurses in the healthcare workplace, create toxic work environments and pose risks to patient safety. Uncivil behaviors among nurse educators and students were found to erode the learning environment and lead to poor program outcomes. Researchers provided evidence to show varied levels of incivility in academic and workplace environments and recommended solutions to improve civility, yet little evidence exists to show how nurse faculty approach civility promotion in their practices. This qualitative, descriptive study was designed to explore the actions and decisions of prelicensure nurse faculty who promote civility in their baccalaureate programs. Fifteen full-time, prelicensure nurse faculty from varied baccalaureate programs across the southeastern United States volunteered to participate in individual, online interviews. Husted and Husted's theory of bioethical symphonology was used to support the study design and analyze the findings. Thematic analysis of participant interview transcripts revealed 4 themes to explain civility promotion actions and decisions which included (a) guiding civil professionalism, (b) championing civil communication, (c) negotiating civil partnerships, and (d) empowering civility awareness. The findings of this study are beneficial to nurse faculty seeking civility promotion solutions which will enhance awareness, knowledge, and professional civility skills among nursing students and effect positive social change as new graduate nurses are prepared to promote civility in the healthcare workplace.