Date of Conferral
John W. Oswald
Since 2006, Uganda has experienced a nonchanging neonatal mortality rate of 27 out of 1,000 live births, which is higher than the global average of 19 deaths for every 1,000 live births. The purpose of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to determine factors affecting access to health services and their impact on newborn deaths in Uganda. Mosley and Chen's model for child survival in developing nations provided the framework for the study. Secondary data from the 2016 demographic and health survey (UDHS) collected by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOs) was used. A total of 7,538 cases were used and analyzed using binary logistic regression and one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The results showed attending less than 4 antenatal care (ANC) visits during pregnancy increased the odds of neonatal deaths 1.57 times, while not taking antimalarial drugs during pregnancy increased the odds of neonatal deaths 1.67 times. However, receiving 4 or more tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine doses before pregnancy was not statistically associated with an increased risk of neonatal death (p = .597). Also, there was no significant relationship between neonatal mortality and whether distance to health facilities was a challenge (p = .276) or receiving medical assistance during childbirth (p = .420). While there were significant differences in deaths of newborns in geographic regions while controlling for the number of ANC visits (p = .023), there were no differences while controlling for all three covariates, F(4, 117) = 2.00, p = .098. Findings may be used to inform government policies on ANC and malaria prevention during pregnancy, which may reduce neonatal mortality rates in Uganda.