Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Depression, a sequela of stroke, is underrecognized and underreported. The American Heart/Stroke Association estimated 1/3 of patients develop depression after a stroke. Depression after a stroke has negative influence on stroke recovery through decreased participation in rehabilitation, and increased morbidity and mortality. The American Heart/Stroke Association recommended that depression screening be conducted on stroke patient; however, there is a lack of guidance regarding the optimal time and tools for depression screening. The practice problem identified was the absence of depression screening in poststroke patients at the project site. The project question focused on identifying evidence-based approaches for depression screening in poststroke patients. The goal of the project was to develop clinical practice guidelines for depression screening poststroke. The framework used to develop the project was the John Hopkins Evidence-Based Nursing model. An expert panel was used to evaluate the developed clinical practice guidelines. Serving as participants, expert panelist were selected based on their background in stroke care management. Panelists evaluated the guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation Instrument II standard instrument tool. Twenty-five percent of reviewers recommended using the guidelines and 75% recommended using the guidelines with minor modifications. Implementation of clinical practice guidelines support depression screening after stroke leading to increased awareness, education, recognition and reporting. The findings of this project have the potential for positive social changes by improving depression screening in stroke patients and increasing early recognition and reporting of depression poststroke.