Date of Conferral





Counselor Education and Supervision


Kelly Dardis


Grounded in Bandura's theory of self-efficacy, the purpose of this study was to examine if one aspect of counselor training, counselor educator self-efficacy with technology (SE), was associated with counselor educator teaching distance counseling skills in their classroom (INC). For this correlation study, 176 counselor educators in the United States with experience teaching a skills-based class completed an anonymous online survey. Survey data were used to assess if self-efficacy with technology and demographic data were related to the inclusion of distance counseling skills in the classroom. Point-biserial correlation and logistic regression analysis were used to examine relationships between SE, demographic data, and INC. There was a positive correlation between the Intrapersonal technology integrations scale (ITIS) score, used to measure SE, and INC scoresn=176, rpb=.343, p< .001. A logistic regression was performed to determine the effects of prior experience (EXP), availability of technology (AV), and SE on teaching distance counseling skills. The model was statistically significant, χ2 (3) = 64.342, p <.000., explained 41.5 % (Nagelkerke R2) of the variance in teaching distance counseling, and correctly classified 79.3% of cases. The results of the logistic regression analysis indicated that SE, EXP, and AV were significant predictors of INC. The findings confirm prior research on technology integration in education. Specifically, availability of technology, although an important factor, is not the only variable impacting technology integration. The findings from this study can help guide counselor training programs to prepare students for the expanding use of technology in counseling increasing access to care.