Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Falls are the most frequently reported incidents among hospitalized patients in the United States with at least 4 falls per 1,000 patient days occurring annually. Falls are related to high rates of mortality and morbidity and high hospital costs. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a fall prevention quality initiative to reduce falls in an acute care facility by educating staff on an evidence-based fall prevention protocol. The project sought to explore whether implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention initiative in educating nurses would affect the nurses’ professional knowledge and the number of patient fall incidences in the cardiac care unit. The theoretical framework supporting this project was Neuman’s systems theory. The Iowa model was used to guide this evidence-based project. An educational session was implemented to increase nurses’ awareness of fall prevention practices. Two sets of data were collected: the pretest and posttest results, and the number of falls on the unit. A total of 21 unit nurses participated in the pretest; 18 (86.0%) completed the posttest. The mean score on the pretest was 81.62%; the mean score was 85.89% for the posttest with a mean difference of 4.27%. A paired sample t-test revealed no statistically significant differences in scores after education. This project has implications for social change by supporting patient safety, decreased hospital stays, and reduced health care expenses to patients and health care organizations.