The Critical Success Factors of Public Private Partnerships in Lagos State

Date of Conferral





Public Policy and Administration


Paul Rutledge


In recent years, the Lagos State Government has attempted to adopt public private

partnerships (PPP) with little success, largely as a result of implementation barriers. The

purpose of this quantitative, ex-post facto design study was to evaluate which factors are

considered most predictive of success of PPP implementation in the state, whereby the

prescribed quality of products/services is achieved within a specified time frame and at

the agreed cost. Wood and Gray's theory of collaboration and the network and

collaborations theory by Kamensky and Burlin guided this study. A self-constructed and

validated structured questionnaire was utilized in the collection of survey data from 105

government officials and private sector partners who had experience in the state's PPP

process. To ensure validity of survey data collected, data triangulation was carried out

against information from the State's bulletins on its PPP projects. Data were analyzed

using ANOVA. Key findings indicated that statistically significant (p = .05) factors

include the development of a legal framework for PPPs, perception of value of intended

projects, identification and allocation of risks, engineering and technical structure, proper

identification of required competencies, and staffing and training. Factors that were not

significant included economic, political, and social conditions, planning, involvement of

affected persons at the planning stage, bidding process, understanding of the goals and

objectives of each partner, financing structure, project monitoring and evaluation,

effective communication, good leadership, and transparency and trust. To encourage

positive social change, it is recommended that the state enhances the success factors

identified by this study to strengthen PPP practices and improve infrastructure in Lagos.

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