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There is limited data about the positive application of self-efficacy and the practice of transparency for individuals in recovery to achieve long-term recovery from substance addiction and criminal recidivism. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to gain more insight and knowledge about how the application of self-efficacy and the practice of transparency help individuals in recovery achieve long-term recovery from substance addiction and criminal recidivism for two or more years. The conceptual framework used to guide this study was Albert Bandura's self-efficacy theory. This study is significant because it explains that long-term recovery is not an easy task to achieve, and many individuals who have a history of addiction and criminal behavior find it extremely difficult to achieve long-term recovery. A qualitative phenomenological approach was used for this study. This study employed a chain sample, using a semi-structured interview guide composed of open-ended questions. Five individuals agreed to the study and reported applying and practicing self-efficacy and transparency to achieve long-term recovery. The study analyzed and coded data to identify categories and themes. The findings reveled the importance of the use of self-efficacy and transparency in achieving long-term recovery from substances and decreasing recidivism. Themes identified was the ability to live day-to-day, breaking the cycle of addiction and recidivism, believing they are worth recovery (a better life), and sharing their story (transparency). This study may stimulate positive social change with the application of self-efficacy, as people struggling with addiction and recidivism may learn the importance of being transparent during the recovery process.