Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Courtney S. Nyange
African Americans suffer disproportionately higher incidence of congestive heart failure (CHF) at an earlier age of onset and with more rapid progression compared to other races. Due to this escalating prevalence of CHF within the African American population and the lack of culturally responsive support for the caregiving role, African American family caregivers of adult CHF patients face greater challenges and suffer increased caregiver burden, stress, depression, and financial strain compared to European American caregivers. The purpose of this project was to conduct a systematic literature review to find the recommendations that target African American family caregivers of adult CHF patients. The Joanna Briggs Institute model for systematic review (JBIM-SR), and the caregiver stress theory proposed by Tsai, guided this project. A review of multiple databases yielded 118,078 articles. After removal of duplicates and exclusion of articles not consistent with the purpose of the review, 1 article was selected. A second reviewer completed an independent search of the databases using the same exclusion/inclusion criteria and identified the same review. The selected article was analyzed and graded using the JBIM-SR grading tools. Family Heart Failure Home Care, a telephone coaching intervention adapted to the cultural preferences of the African American family caregivers of adult CHF patients, was suggested as an effective culturally sensitive intervention. Results of this project can promote positive social change by improving the care and well-being of the African American community. Nurses at the project site can use the findings to provide evidence-based care to the African American family caregivers of adult CHF patients.