Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are prescribed for treatment of psychosis. A major side effect of SGAs is an increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with symptoms of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, and truncal obesity. A clinic in the northeastern United States was not screening patients for MetS when being treated with SGAs. The purpose of this project was to educate staff on MetS risk factors, signs, symptoms, and patient management with a goal to improve their knowledge of MetS. Lewin's change theory provided a conceptual framework for the project. The project question explored the development and evaluation of an educational module on MetS increased staff knowledge. Educational content was guided by current literature and the American Psychiatric Association and American Diabetic Association practice guidelines. Five expert panel members, consisting of 3 psychiatrists, an advance practice nurse, and a registered nurse reviewed the education program and evaluated content using a Likert-type questionnaire. Expert panel evaluations indicated that the module content contained useful clinical information on MetS screening for patients on SGAs. After panel review, the program was presented to 7 clinic staff. Pretest and posttest questionnaires asked 10 multiple choice questions and results were compared. Questions on SGA side effects, MetS complications, prevalence, baseline assessment measures, lab work, and needed collaboration were answered correctly by 6 of the participants pretest and all questions after receiving the education program. The project has the potential to promote positive social change through staff education on MetS screening for patients, thus improving patient outcomes.