Date of Conferral
Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
Despite ongoing delivery of teacher professional development (PD), educational leaders in the local district did not have an objective evaluation whether their implementation of the Marzano causal teacher evaluation model and the iObservation tool training were aligned with accepted national standards for PD effectiveness. Using Vygotsky's constructivist theory as the theoretical framework, the purpose of this quantitative descriptive, correlational study was to describe teachers' perceptions of the alignment of the district's PD with national standards and the relationship between teachers' reported self-efficacy and attitudes toward the PD program. A purposive sample of 80 middle school teachers completed the Learning Forward's Standard Assessment Inventory and Kao, Tsai, and Shih's Self-Efficacy and Attitude Survey. The response rate was 33%. Descriptive analysis indicated that teachers perceived and were satisfied with the alignment of the PD to national standards. Correlation analysis revealed strong positive correlations (p < .01) between teachers' self-efficacy ratings and their attitudes toward the PD's alignment with national standards. These findings informed development of a training promoting a shared vision among educational leaders and teachers about the necessity of following national standards when designing and implementing PD. Alignment of teacher PD with national standards might result in positive social change by creating effective trainings for teachers which could, in turn, have a positive influence on educational outcomes over time.