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Kathleen Brewer


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nurse faculty perceptions of role stress and faculty-to-faculty incivility using the stressor-emotion model of counterproductive work behaviors. A convenience sample of 79 nurse faculty from 39 undergraduate nursing programs in Iowa responded to an online survey. The survey consisted of two instruments: Workplace Incivility Civility Scale and Role Strain Scale. Findings revealed 76 participants perceived incivility as a problem and identified stress (n = 64) and demanding workloads (n = 54) as contributing factors. Pearson correlation results revealed a positive relationship between experienced incivility and nurse faculty perceptions of role stress (r = .509, p < .001), role conflict (r = .506, p < .001), role ambiguity (r = .560, p < .001) role overload (r = .298, p < .008). Pearson correlation results further revealed a positive relationship exists between three constructs of role stress (role conflict, role ambiguity, and role overload) and each of the three constructs of experienced faculty-to-faculty incivility (hostility towards individuals, self-serving behaviors, and hostility towards work environment). Limitations included a convenience sample limited to undergraduate programs in one state. Future research should replicate this study in larger diverse populations and educational settings. Positive social change includes the recruitment and retention of nurse faculty who can grow and advance in a healthy academic work environment.

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