Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Mary T. Verklan
Lack of education in the outpatient setting related to causes, complications, and prevention of obesity is associated with high rates of obesity in adolescents 12 to 19 years of age. The gap in the adolescents' and family members' knowledge of obesity contributes to the adolescents' high calorie consumption and the development of obesity. The purpose of this project was to develop a staff education guideline for use by clinicians to educate adolescents and their families on how to develop nutritious food plans and decrease obesity. The project practice question asked whether educating the primary care providers in the primary care setting increased the effectiveness of clinicians' efforts to educate adolescents and families on proper nutrition, obesity, and healthy eating. Development of the educational guideline was guided by Pender's health promotion model and Bandura's self-efficacy theory to effect the behavioral change needed to achieve the project goals. The pre- and posttest design was used with Jump Up & Go! Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey results for data collection from the electronic medical records of 20 adolescents. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and revealed that the staff educational guideline was 90% effective in increasing the clinicians' efforts to educate adolescents and families about obesity. Results also showed that the program was 80% effective in increasing adolescents' and family members' knowledge of obesity, assisting them in making nutritious choices to decrease obesity. The social change implications of the adolescent obesity staff educational guidelines are aligned with using evidence-based practice guidelines to increase provider efforts to empower adolescents and their families to eat well and stay healthy.