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Productivity of automotive manufacturing production systems have been an area of study among researchers since the industrial revolution. Automotive manufacturing production systems that are implemented properly increase productivity in production environments. Researchers have demonstrated that productivity can be improved through modeling the Toyota production system. However, researchers have not established how implementing Mercedes Benz production system (MBPS) impacted Mercedes-Benz cars' productivity between 1999 and 2017. The purpose of this quantitative research study was to examine the effect of implementing the Mercedes-Benz Production System (MBPS). A survey was administered to 35 Mercedes-Benz employees that consisted of operation managers, plant managers, manufacturing engineers, and shop workers. The study used Spearman's correlations to analyze the strength of the associations between the dependent variable of productivity and the three independent variables of cycle-time variation, employee-headcount variation, and key performance indicators. The results showed no statistically significant relationship, supporting that implementing the MBPS was not sufficient enough to reject the null hypothesis the research questions. The social change implications for this research may promote positive social change by its emphasis on the implementation of manufacturing production systems. Such implementations may then stimulate increased economic efficiencies, quality, and profitability for society.