Date of Conferral





Social Work


Tami Frye


The problem of co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders among the veteran population can impact numerous aspects of a veteran's life, including self-esteem, relationships, employment, and legal issues. The Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (MH RRTP) at the Saint Cloud, Minnesota VA Healthcare System is a program that provides residential treatment for this population. Identifying practical and beneficial treatment methods promotes better coping mechanisms for veterans and impacts social change by providing timely and cost-efficient care for veterans, while also leading the way for overall changes and improvements in other VA residential treatment programs. This study identified how using the integrated treatment model in the MH RRTP impacted depression, anxiety, and sobriety protective factors among 1,136 veterans who completed the program between 2016 and 2017, and if there were any significant differences in outcomes among various age groups and lengths of stay in the program. Outcome measures taken at pre and post treatment, using BDI-II, BAI, and BAM, were analyzed by using six one-within one-between (mixed-model) Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests. Significant interaction effects were noted for protective factors in length of stay and age group categories and for depression and length of stay. Significant main effects for within-subjects factors were consistently noted for all categories, indicating a reduction in depression and anxiety symptoms, while increasing protective factors for the veterans in this study. The results demonstrated that veterans responded favorably without regard to potential differences in age groups and lengths of stay.