Date of Conferral





Human Services


Barbara Benoliel


Crack cocaine users need efficacious treatment options to address triggers and cravings for the drug. The purpose of this qualitative, multiple case study was to explore the recovery narratives of 3 purposefully selected substance abuse counselors who were once addicted to crack cocaine and whether or not these narratives fit within the 5 stages of the transtheoretical model of change (TTM). The TTM was used in this study to explore the stages of change in those with prior addiction regarding the motivational strategies needed to promote change. Data collected in face to face interviews were organized using thematic content analysis and QDA Minor Lite analysis software. Study results showed that the action stage seems the be the most promising focus for change. Each participant once in the action stage moved between action and relapse until action and maintenance became solidified in their mindset. The action stage, therefore led to social change for the individual, their family, and the community in which they lived. Therefore, the process of recover does fit within the stages of the TTM, however, relapse and risk of relapse plays a vital part of not making the stages qualitatively distinct. The results of the study show that various factors create the addiction process and help to recover from it. However, self-actualization and self-determination prove to be the motivating factors of change and recovery. The findings contribute to social change by understanding how the recovery stories fit within the stages of the TTM and how further understanding of the relapse process is necessary to possibly get to a definitive termination stage.