Date of Conferral





Human Services


Mary Bold


The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the experience of older homeless females who have type 2 diabetes mellitus. Women who have stable housing often find it difficult to manage their diabetes; for those who are homeless, managing the disease is even more difficult. This chronic disease has impacted people all over the world and decreased their quality of life. However, people who are homeless may be at a higher risk of this stressful illness. Managing glycemic levels is a crucial factor in decreasing the adverse results in type 2 diabetes. In this study, face-to-face interviews were conducted with flyers from 15 participants between the age of 55 and 64 years who have type 2 diabetes. The participants shared their experiences of how they managed and monitored type 2 diabetes. The qualitative analytics in this study showed that the implementation of a secure storage area for diabetic medications is needed in shelter environments. The administration of insulin injection is essential, and needles should be allowed and stored appropriately in a locked cupboard or cabinet at the shelter. The 15-participants reported that the lack of a permanent address reduces their chance to access health insurance and other social benefits. The implementation of an emergency mailing program and modified interventions could meet the needs of older homeless women with diabetes and lead to a positive social change that would improve long-term care for these women. Therefore, the findings of this study show the need for new knowledge and social change that benefits the participants, the entire community, neighboring communities, and anyone who is struggling with type 2 diabetes.