Date of Conferral







Denise Horton



The perioperative operating room (OR) is a highly complex, fast-paced environment where countless transactions must be executed with efficiency, speed, and accuracy, and where mistakes of any kind could lead to adverse patient outcome, injury, or death. The surgeon, as leader of the procedure and the OR team, sets the overall climate of the OR and determines how willing (or unwilling) team members are to speak up about potential errors or unsafe patient conditions. This exploration of the relationship between perioperative surgeon leadership style and OR team member job satisfaction fills a gap unaddressed in the literature using items from The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire- OR version (SAQ-OR). The MLQ has been used to confirm the intersection of transformational leadership style and positive team behavior in the perioperative surgical OR. The SAQ has proven reliable and valid in the OR for the domain of job satisfaction as measured by OR team members. In this study, 227 OR team members were recruited from LinkedIn professional groups and Facebook groups and completed an electronic survey. Data were analyzed using multifactor regression analyses. Results indicated that passive avoidant surgeon leadership style had the only significant relationship to OR team member job satisfaction. The importance of this study is apparent in findings suggesting that when leaders work to improve their interactions in ways that increase team members' job satisfaction, they improve team members' health, well-being, and overall life satisfaction.