Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Approximately 55% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients require the use of a central venous catheter (CVC). CVCs are often an essential component of care; however, CVCs can create avenues for pathogens to enter the bloodstream and cause a central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI), which can lead to increased mortality and morbidity, prolonged length of stay, increased cost of care, decreased patient satisfaction, and increased workload. In 2017, the CLABSI rate at the project site was 4.3 per 1,000 catheter days as compared to the national rate of 0.8 per 1,000 catheter days. Based on Piaget's theory of constructivism, a simulation-based staff educational program was developed and implemented by ICU staff (n=20). Following the implementation of the simulation-based program, adherence to CVC maintenance guidelines improved from 41.5% to 87.9%. A sample t-test showed that this improvement was statistically significant and the CLABSI rate declined to 1.24 per 1,000 catheter days in the 4-week period following implementation of the program. Findings show that introducing a simulation-based training program might help to reduce CLABSI rates in the ICU setting and contribute to positive social change by improving health outcomes in ICU patients with a CVC.