Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Diane K. Whitehead
Tobacco use is the leading cause of premature and preventable death in the United States, yet millions of Americans continue to use tobacco. Nursing professionals comprise the largest health care provider group and can help improve tobacco cessation among their patients. The purpose of this doctoral project was to increase nursing staff and advanced practice providers knowledge, skills, and confidence related to tobacco cessation interventions. The project took place in a family medicine clinic in Central Texas. The nursing staff (which included 1 registered nurse and 3 licensed vocational nurses) and advanced practice providers (which included 3 nurse practitioners and one physician assistant) were asked to participate in the project. Knowles' theory of adult learning and Prochaska's transtheoretical model served as the conceptual frameworks for the project. The United States Public Health Service Rx for Change program was used to create 2 posters on tobacco cessation interventions that were presented to staff as an educational intervention. A 10-question knowledge survey and a 15-question skills and confidence survey were administered before and after the education program; 8 nurses completed the survey before the education and 7 nurses completed the survey after the education. For the presurvey, 29% of responses were correct; while for the postsurvey 83% of responses were correct. Results also showed an increase on the 4-point Likert-scale survey measuring the participants' skills and confidence regarding tobacco cessation interventions. The finds of this project will help nurses and advanced practice providers use evidence-based practices to promote smoking cessation, leading to positive social change for patients, families, and communities.