Date of Conferral





Counselor Education and Supervision


Corinne Bridges


As of 2014, an estimated 18.1% or approximately 43.6 million adults, 18 years of age or older in the United States experienced a form of mental illness. Professional counselors subscribe to a wellness or holistic paradigm; however the recovery paradigm, using collaborative strategies and unique treatment planning is the directed approach of mental health services in the United Stated. The purpose of this quantitative study was to understand what factors contribute to counselors' knowledge and attitudes of the recovery paradigm. Survey methodology was used to examine whether, among professional counselors, years of experience, gender, professional setting, and licensure status, as measured by a demographic questionnaire, correlate to professional counselors' (a) attitudes and level of knowledge of the recovery paradigm, (b) knowledge and attitudes of the roles and responsibilities in recovery, (c) understanding and attitudes toward the personal journey of the recovery process, (d) knowledge and attitudes of the roles of self-identity and peer support in recovery, and (e) knowledge and attitudes of the expectations regarding recovery as measured by the 4 subscales of the Recovery Knowledge Inventory (RKI). The target population was 225 masters or doctoral level counselors. The results of a multivariate multiple regression were not significant. However, the results of this study align with previous research outcomes indicating a need for counselors continued education and training on the recovery paradigm which could improve their knowledge and attitudes of the recovery paradigm, directly impacting consumers' achievement of recovery goals.