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Members of the healthcare industry have not fully understood organizational climate factors that enhance organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). This lack of understanding can result in negative patient outcomes. The purpose of this cross-sectional quantitative study was to examine the relationships between organizational climate factors and OCBs of employees at hospitals via personâ??organization fit theory. More, specifically, the purpose of this research was to explore (a) the relationships between organizational climate variables (i.e., welfare, autonomy, involvement, effort, training, integration, and supervisory support) and OCBs (n = 218), (b) differences in OCB scores between hospital leaders (n = 72) and followers (n = 146), and (c) differences in OCB scores between clinical (n = 167) and nonclinical (n = 51) hospital employees. The data were collected from alumni of healthcare degree programs via an anonymous online questionnaire. Results indicated that effort and integration were statistically significant predictors of OCBs. Independent t-test results indicated no significant differences in OCB scores between leaders and followers and between clinical and nonclinical employees. To increase OCBs, a cultural shift is required that includes rewarding actions that align with organizational goals and engaging in interdepartmental collaboration. Implications include increased organizational sustainability; more efficient use of healthcare resources; positive, data-driven decision making regarding healthcare policy; and an increase in aggregate displays of OCBs. Emphasizing effort and integration can promote positive social change that results in enhanced patient care, alignment between employee actions and organizational goals, and improved overall societal health.
Business Administration, Management, and Operations Commons, Health and Medical Administration Commons, Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods Commons, Organizational Behavior and Theory Commons