Date of Conferral





Health Services


Magdeline Aagard


Today, nurses represent many cultures and ethnic backgrounds. In their leadership style, nurse leaders must learn to embrace cultural intelligence or cultural quotient (CQ), that is, an extension of emotional intelligence that affords them the ability to manage a culturally diverse workforce. Historically, CQ has been relevant to business, locally and globally. But it is also important to explore the CQ of nurse leaders. Scholarly studies show that leaders with CQ are responsible for developing innovative employee behaviors, forward-thinking ideas, and creativeness in the workplace. CQ has a theoretical foundation in the 2003 research of Early and Ang who focused on CQ and the ability to lead in culturally diverse situations. This theoretical foundation will support the qualitative case study approach used to explore the CQ of nurse leaders. Ten participants were selected to answer semi structured interview questions, which were designed to produce data to answer research questions about the meaning of CQ to nurse leaders, the patient experience, self-awareness of CQ, and leadership practice. Thematic data analysis using the MAXQDA software program was the analysis tool. The results are expected to create positive social change by providing evidence-based results that can enhance the CQ of nurse leaders, their leadership style, and their practice in the United States. This study will add to the existing literature and its results may help the reader to reflect on the importance of CQ in their practice of leadership in the nursing profession.