Date of Conferral



Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)




Dr. Peter Anthony


Immigrant entrepreneurs play a significant role in the economic development of the United States. However, some small business immigrant entrepreneurs are less successful than nonimmigrant entrepreneurs. The purpose of this qualitative multiple case study was to explore the strategies that immigrant small business owners use to grow and sustain their businesses longer than 4 years. Using a purposeful sampling technique, the population for this study consisted of 4 small business immigrant entrepreneurs who have sustained and grown businesses for a minimum of 4 years in Minnesota. The conceptual framework for this study was the bureaucratic management theory. Data collection consisted of interviews, field notes, and review of documentation related to business strategies. Data analysis involved a process of disassembling data into common codes, reassembling data into themes, interpreting meaning, and making conclusions. Member checking and transcript reviews were used to enhance the reliability and credibility of the data. Two themes emerged among immigrant small business owners whose businesses failed: inadequate financial posture, and poor business and managerial knowledge. Results showed that small business immigrant entrepreneurs concentrate on differentiation and cost control to sustain and grow their businesses profitably. The study findings can contribute to positive social change by emphasizing strategies that help immigrant entrepreneurs succeed; such strategies have benefits that extend beyond entrepreneurs' immediate family to the broader communities in which they operate by increasing job creation, wealth accumulation, and the development of society.

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