Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effects of relationship-based care (RBC) on patient satisfaction. RBC is a caring model that promotes a caring and healing environment by establishing and maintaining therapeutic relationships between patient, self, and coworker. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services links Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores with reimbursement to hospitals. It is essential to not only achieve high patient satisfaction scores in order to ensure full financial reimbursement, but also to ensure high quality, patient-centered care. The current project assessed samples from 2 medical surgical groups, one system-wide and the other only patients from a single inpatient unit with sample sizes approximately 2,900 and 250 respectively. Data were collected retrospectively 3 times using the Press Ganey webpage at pre implementation, 6 months, and 12 months post RBC training. Results from an ANOVA indicated only a slight increase in post intervention HCAHPS scores with no statistical significant improvement. However, this increase indicates a positive trend, suggesting that the implementation of RBC may have assisted in improving patient responses. This evaluation has implications for the continued implementation for the enhancement of patient-centered care. These findings suggest that a nursing care model provides a collective belief to define a specific attitude to deliver care, facilitate professional development, and improve outcomes. By following RBC, nurses share a similar philosophy toward a caring environment.