Date of Conferral





Public Policy and Administration


Steven A. Matarelli


There has been growing concern over how state and federal governments can support the increasing population of aging Americans and their need for long-term care. Current insurance funding models cover acute hospitalization and skilled care only, leaving unskilled care needs and homemaker services at the full expense of those in need. Time banking allows individuals to exchange or barter time for goods or services without monetary payment. There is insufficient evidence to determine if members believe time banks to be a viable alternative to support aging-in-place care needs. This phenomenological study explored time banking as a potential vehicle for nonskilled health care support to defray health care costs as one ages. Ostrom's co-production theory provided the theoretical foundation for the research questions, which examined the participants' lived experiences with the role time banks played in their decision to age in place. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 10 Southern California time bank participants, age 50 years or older. Using a Moustakas-modified van Kaam method and a priori coding emergent themes were extracted. Study findings illustrated that time bank participation did support aspects of nonskilled health care needs and provided members with confident options for aging in place. Study findings also indicated a need for continued collaborations between professional and managerial staff in public agencies, including California's Health and Human Services Agency and time bank users in their communities. Reducing health care costs for taxpayers in any government-funded health insurance model benefits positive social change, and nonskilled health care provider time bank initiatives may be a sustainable alternative for those wishing to age in place.