Date of Conferral
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)
Some hospital leaders are ineffective in implementing the electronic medical record (EMR) systems in the hospitals. The purpose of this multiple case study was to explore strategies hospital leaders use to successfully implement EMR systems. The target population consisted of hospital leaders and healthcare professionals from two hospitals who have successfully implemented EMR systems. The conceptual framework of this research study was Kotter's 8-stage process for leading change, building on the model of an effective change management method. Data were collected from 5 interviewed participants and company documents related to strategies regarding the EMR system implementation. The results of reviewing open-ended interview questions and archived documents were analyzed using codes and themes to facilitate triangulation. Three primary themes were developed from the coded data: (a) strategies hospital leaders use to implement the EMR system, (b) strategies hospital leaders use to achieve quality and best practice, and (c) strategies hospital leaders use to manage change and resistance to change. Results revealed 4 steps for successful implementation: (1) creating a vision, (2) communicating the vision, (3) establishing strong leadership, and (4) consolidating gains. Utilizing the successful strategies hospital leaders use to implement the EMR systems could produce quality patient care, efficiencies in hospital operations, and reduced organizational operation cost. The findings could effect positive social change through delivery of quality health and patient care that results in community cost benefits and healthier patient lifestyles.