Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Sue Ellen Bell
Calciphylaxis is a deadly disease seen primarily in patients with end stage renal disease. Literature indicated that improved patient outcomes are seen with routine screenings. Many dialysis providers lack fundamental knowledge that would enable early identification of calciphylaxis in patients with renal disease. The purpose of this project was to design a screening instrument and develop a staff education program that would transform calciphylaxis management by promoting early identification and treatment of the disease. Knowles's theory of andragogy was used as the theoretic framework for the project. Dialysis center staff (n = 26) participated in the education. The number of participants was based on the number of staff working at the partner dialysis site. There were no exclusions as all members of the interdisciplinary team play an important role in calciphylaxis management. Surveys conducted following the education were used to determine whether dialysis staff believed they had acquired the knowledge and skills necessary to identify early signs of calciphylaxis. Descriptive data collected by the surveys indicated 60% of participants were not at all comfortable identifying patients at risk for developing calciphylaxis prior to attending the education presentation. Following the presentation, 68% of participants felt very comfortable identifying at-risk patients, an increase of 82.3%. This project exemplified that calciphylaxis detection is a secondary prevention nursing intervention that has potential for promoting positive social change by improving patient outcomes, reducing mortality rates in the end stage renal disease population, and providing empirical data to inform evidence-based therapies for at-risk patients.